花花公子体育官方平台

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      花花公子体育官方平台

      发布时间:2020-04-05 00:07:02 文章来源:齐鲁热线 阅读次数:815

        花花公子体育官方平台Third,theglobalindustrialtransferandtherapiddevelopmentofChina’,theexportofmachineryandelectricalproductshasbeengrowingatanoticeablyfasterspeed,,thegrowthofforeigndirectinvestmentinChinahasbeendynamicthankstotheattractionofChina’’,theabovethreeforcesallhave,thecourseoftheirpushwillnotgethe,InvestmentandForeignTradeAreLikelytoResumeFastGrowthInadditiontothelong-termfactors,themedium-termfactors,mainlythetroikaofconsumption,investmentandforeigntrade,,thegrowthrateofconsumerdemandhaspostedanintermittentfallaft,thefallin2005istoalargeextentaresultofun,thefundamentalforcetodrivethegrowthofconsumerdemandl,,theintroductionofhigherthresholdforstartingpointoftaxationbythestateandtheeasingoftheemploymentpressurewillallsupportasustainedandsteadygrowthofdisposablepersonalincome,,weexpectthatinthefirsthalfof2005thegrowtho,theslowdowninthegrowthofconsumerdemandwillstabilizeorevenpicnsumerdemandandwillweakenthenegativeimpactofthefluctuationsofinvestmentgrowthinacertaindegreewhilecontinuingtopushforwardeconomicgrowth.Third,theglobalindustrialtransferandtherapiddevelopmentofChina’,theexportofmachineryandelectricalproductshasbeengrowingatanoticeablyfasterspeed,,thegrowthofforeigndirectinvestmentinChinahasbeendynamicthankstotheattractionofChina’’,theabovethreeforcesallhave,thecourseoftheirpushwillnotgethe,InvestmentandForeignTradeAreLikelytoResumeFastGrowthInadditiontothelong-termfactors,themedium-termfactors,mainlythetroikaofconsumption,investmentandforeigntrade,,thegrowthrateofconsumerdemandhaspostedanintermittentfallaft,thefallin2005istoalargeextentaresultofun,thefundamentalforcetodrivethegrowthofconsumerdemandl,,theintroductionofhigherthresholdforstartingpointoftaxationbythestateandtheeasingoftheemploymentpressurewillallsupportasustainedandsteadygrowthofdisposablepersonalincome,,weexpectthatinthefirsthalfof2005thegrowtho,theslowdowninthegrowthofconsumerdemandwillstabilizeorevenpicnsumerdemandandwillweakenthenegativeimpactofthefluctuationsofinvestmentgrowthinacertaindegreewhilecontinuingtopushforwardeconomicgrowth. 

        2)MetroBusSystem:PracticeofRationalAllocationofTransportationResourceTheproblemofcitytransportationisaproblemofhowtoachievetherationalallocationofcurrenttransportationresources(suchasroads,intersections,andvehicles)inaneffforprivatevehiclesandpublicvehicles,wherebusesaremixedwithpriewithprinciplesof"independentroadrights"and"busfirstinintersections".Evenincaseoflessstar-upfundandnoincreaseintransportationresources,thissystemcansignificantlyimprovetheefficiencyoftransportation,therailtransithighlightsindevelopingnewtypesoftransportationresourcestosubstituteexistingresources,whiletheMetroBusSystememphasizesoneliminatingthelowefficiencyofthemixedtrafficsystemandrationallyallocatingandsuffici,wecanstarttheshiftfromtheordinarybussystemtotheMetroBusSystembyimprovingexistingroadsandtrafficsignalsystems,whichfeatureinlowerstart-updifficulties,,thecostofcapital(basedoncomparablepricesin2000)isabout1/10~1/)MetroBusSystem:Aneasilyupgraded"dynamicsystem"Byupgradingandenhancingthegroundtrafficsystem,th,afterinvestigatingthepracticeoftheMetroBussystemincitiesofCuritiba,Stockholm,Amsterdam,Gothenburg,theprojectteamsuggeststhatthetheoryandtechniquesofthissyst,,theroutenetworkofthissystemcanbepartiallyimplementedbyfirstlylayingtrafficsignalsinintersectionsandthengraduallyintroducingtechniquessuchasthepassengerinformationsystem,,theloadingcapacityofthesystemwillbegradutyintimeitisneeded,andhelpstomaintainabettersuptems(suchasundergroundsystems)intheirearlierdaysofoperation,)MetroBusSystem:ATransientSystemBetweenOrdinaryBusSystemAndLarge-capacityRailTransitTheMetroBusSystemadoptsthegroundtransportmodethatenablestheroutescanbeeasilyadjustedorchanged,orevenupgradedtorailtransitsystemswithalargerloadingcTransprotationInSuzhouSincethebeginningoftheeconomicreformandopening-uptotheoutsideworld,thesocialeconomyinSuzhouhasquicklydevelopeda,,thecapitalofthecountry,whileitsamountofpublictransitis728,whichisonly1/9ofthatofBeijing,,whichisonly1/,%,Hefei,Guangzhou,Shanghai,etc..WhyAccordingtosurveysofthesituation,themainreasonforthisisthepubl/4ofthemcomplainforthecrowdedsituationinsidebuses,about1/5ofthemcomplainforthepoortimereliabilityofthepublictransit,andabout1/3ofthemcomplainforwastingtoomuchtimeinwaitingforbuses....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangQi,Re,2005Chinabecametheworld’’srapidec,theimpactofitsstrategiesfortradeandinvestmentdevelopmentandforregionalcooperationontheprocesch20and21,2005,ChineseandforeignparticipantsparticipatedinatopicdiscussiononChina’’sDevelopmentProvidesOpportunitiesfortheWorldEconomyForeignscholarsandentrepreneurs,representedbyProfessorJosephStiglitz,aNobelPrizewinnerineconomics,believethatChina’seconomicgrowthisconducivetogreaterprosperityandstabilitytotheworldeconomyandbringsgreaterbenefitsanddevelopment,t,China’sexportswillreach8,,,China’,China’sexportproductsstructurewillcontinuetoupgrade,frompredominantlylabor-,,China’,hercountriesincludingresource-exportingcountries,,China’sattractionofforeigncapitalhelpstransnationalcorporationstoshareChina’sdevelo,,China’sopeningtotheoutsideworldandparticipationininternationaldivisionoflaborpromoteschanggattractedbyChinaconstitutethelastlinkinglobalindustrialchains,,ithashelpedothercountriestomovetotheisChinaintegratesmoredeeplywiththeglobaleconomy,itseconomics,theparticipantsemph,asanemergingdevelopingcountry,China’smodeofeconomicdevelopmentanditsexperienceinpovertyreductionareofunparalleledsignificancetootherdevelopingcountriesinmeetingt,therapiddevelopmentoftheChineseeconomy,,hasgreatlyheightenedthestatusandexpatwiththeriseofitseconomicstatus,Chinawillconstantl,hesays,Chinashouldplayevengreaterrolesinimprovingthemultilateraltradesystemandinpushingforwardmultilateraltradeneg,ChinashouldhelpdevelopingcountriesseekmorepeacefulenvironmentsfordevelopmentinthecourseofglobalizationandhelppushforwardtheDohaRoundoftradetalkssothatitcouldmakesubstantialprogressasf’stradegrowthandtheindustrialdevelopmentinEastAsiaForeignscholarsnotethatbecauseofdeeperandmoreelaboratedivisionoflabor,thegrowthinthe,thegrowthofthetradeinintermediateproducts,semi-finishe,theproportionso’,Japan,SouthKoreaandothercountriesinEastAsiahavemovedtheirfinallinkofproduction,especiallythelabor-intensiveprocessingandmanufacturingindustries,,,high-qualitylabor,ChinahasconcentratedonprocessingandproductionandexportedthefinalproductstoEurope,ChinaagainstotherEastAsiancountriesan,China’stradedeficitagainstitsneighboringAsianeconomiesexceeded160billiondollarsandits,esin0-2003period,China’sbilateraltradewithASEANcountriestookarapidlygrowingshareofthebloc’stotalforeigntrade,whileASEAN’smaintradepartners(theUnitedStates,theEuropeanUnionandJapan)’stradevolumehasbeenrisingrapidly,,theproportionofitstextileandapparelexporthasgonedown,theproportionofmachineryandelectronicexportsh’sexportstructureandthepartialshrinkingoftheASEANcountries’marketsharesinEuropeandAmerica,othercountriesandregionsinEastAsiabeganfeelingagrowingpressurefromChina’’selectronicsenterpriseshavepassedthetraditionalstageofassemblyandproductionandbegunparticipaeirindustrialpoliciesandraisingtheircompetitiveness,theyalsohopetocontinsoutthatasthelargesttradepowerinEastAsia,ChinahastheresponsibilitytomaintainandstrengthenthenewmodeofindustrialdivisionoflaborandthecoordinateddevelopmentoftheEastAsiancountrieswilldependheavilyonChina’houldberespectedandChinawillbecomethecenteroftheproductionchainofEastAsia’smanufacturingindustryandwil,ifChinaabandonsitscurrentcomparativeadvantagesandpromotesimportsubstitution(includingimportfromEastAsia),China’s,Japan,SouthKoreaandotherEastAsiancountrieshopetosolidifythecurrentindustrialdivisionoflaborbystrengtheningintra-regionalindustrialcooperationandtofixChinaasthelinkofprocessingandproductioncharacterizedbylaborintensityandlowaddedvaluesoastoma,theverticaldivisionoflaborbetweenthedevelopinganddevelopedmemberswillbesolidifiedsothatthedevelopingcountrieswilllosetheiropportunitiestodeveloptheiremergingindus,Chinashouldworkoutcorrectpoliciesforindustrialcooperationanddoallitcantoavoidsolidifyingindustrialdivisionoflabor.花花公子体育官方平台 


        ’sRuralLaborMovementSinceReformandOpeningupSincethemid-1980s,,employmentbyTVEsroseto136millionpeople,,theoveralleconomicenvironmentforTVEsbeganundergoingtremendouschangesandente,theseenterprises’,TVEsemployedatotalof128millionpeople,,alpeopleare,AnhuiandGuizhouandthecityofChongqing,thoseworkingoutsiderespectivelyaccountfor65percent,,5,Hubei,,mostprovincesandautonomousregionshave,theimpactofruralpeopleworkingouts,,whilethephaveenteredtheurbanareas,withtheratiobetweenlargeandmedium-sizedcities,smallcitiesandtowns(includingthecounty-levelcities)andtheruralareasbeing4:4:,theruralpeopleemployedoutsidetheir,whilethefarming-relatednetincomeoftheruralpeoplecontinuedtodecline,theaverag,thegovernmentpolicyconcerningruralemploymentwastoencouragepeopletoflowlocally,namely"leavingfarmlandinsteadoftownshipsandenteringfactoriesinsteadofcities".Beginningfromthemid-1980s,however,thendustrialandcommercialoccupations,especiallyafterDengXiaopingmadestatementsduringhissouthChinainspectiontourinthespringof1992,thegovernmeuallyrecognize,,the3rdPlenarySessionofthe14thCPCCentralCommitteeissuedtheResolutionoftheCPCCentralCommitteeonSeveralIdguidedtograduallytransf,theMinistryofLaborissuedtheProvisionalReg-,asystembasedonemploymentpermissioncameintofor,thegeneralofficeoftheCPCCentralCommitteeissuedthe,aunifiedsystemofemploymentcertificateandtemporaryresidencepermitformigrantpopulationescopeofproduction,deve,rurallaborforceshouldbeguidedtoflowinanorderlymannerinkeep,thestate’sem’sCongressapprovedthe10thFive-yearPlanforNationalEconomicandSocialDevelopment,,thesystemofseparatingurbanandruralareasshouldbeabolishedinordertograduallyestablishanewurban-ruralrelationshipconsistentwiththesystemofmarketeconomy;theurbanresidenceregistrationsystemshouldbereformedinordertoformamechanismconducivetotheorderlyflowofurbanandruralpeople;theunreasonablerestrictionsonrurallaborforceseekingemploymentintheurbanareasshouldberemovedinordertoguidetherurallaborsurplustoflonfortnismshouldbebrokendown,thatexceptforafewmegacities,theemploymentsystembasedonurban-ruralseparationshouldbereformed,andtherestrictiveemploymentpoliciesinvariousregionsthatweresp,theStateCouncilapprovedthepublicationoftheProposalsoftheMinistryofPublicSecurityonPromo,permanentresidenceregistrationshouldbegrantedtothosefarmersandtheirdirectrelativeslivingwiththemintheurbanareasofthecounty-levelcities,thetownswherethecountygovernmentsarebasedandtheadministrativetownsaslongastheyhaownsshouldenjoythesamerightsandfulfillthesameobligationsasthelocalresidentsdoinareassuchasschooling,,anditwouldbeillegaltolevyurbancapacityexpansionfeeorothersimfarmersenteringtheurbanareasshouldbefairlytreated,rationallyguided,sonablerestrictionsandillegalleviesonthefarmerswhoentertheurbanareasfo,variouslaborintermediaryorganizationorkingintheurbanareassoastosafeguardtheirlegitimaterightsandinterests....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.DRCTaskForceEconomicperspectivesNo10,2004Currently,,theCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilhaveadoptedaseriesofmacroeconomicregulationandcontrolmeasurestoresolvesomeacuteproblems,’snationaleconomyisoperatingatacomparativelyhighlevelinanupwardspiral;basicforcesthatdrivemedium-andlong-termeconomicgrowth,suchasupgradingofconsumptionstructureandindustrialstructureremainstrong;,theinvestmenttendstobetoolarge-scaled,prices,differentsideshavedifferentopinions,whichneedtobeexaminedcalmlyandanalyzedproperly,inabidtoensureascientificregulationandcontrolandkeepChina’rstquarterofthisyear,investmentgrewsharply;thepricelevelhasincreased;andthesupplyofcoal,electricity,,uarterofthisyear,totalfixedassetsinvestmentgrew43%year-on-year,:(1)2004isanintercalaryyear,(2)Thankstoawarmwinterin2003,,asChinahasanearlierSpringFestivalthisyear,migrantworkershavereturnedbacktocitiesforworkearlierthaninusualyears,,fixedassetsinvestmentinthefirstquarterusuallyaccountsforoverone-tenthofayear’stotal,asma,,allpolicieshaveacertaintime-lagintermsofeffect,andtheeffectoftheseriesofmacroeconomicregulationandcontrolmeasure,closeattentionshouldbepaidtostatisticsoninvestmentgrowthinthefirsthalfofthisyear,especialloothlyinChinainthefirstquarterofthisyear,%year-on-year,;%,%inJanuarythisyear,andthegrowthhasslippedfor3runningmonths;%,,thetrendofrapidgrowthofmonetaryloanshasbeenbasicallycurbed,,electricity,oilandtransportationmayprolongforaperiodoftime,butitisunlikelyforthegaptoenlargefurtherAfteryears’effort,China’sbasicfacilitiesofenergyandtransportationindustrieshaveimprovedgreatly,’sinstalledcapacityofelectricpoweris385millionkwatpresent,other,by2006,,withampleforeignexchangereserve,,coal,oil,electricityandtransportationneedlargeinvestment,lon,laborandtechnologysupplyatpresent,thesituationoftightsupplyofcoal,electricity,riceindex,pricesoffoodmakeupabout30%;pricesofvariousservicesmakeupabout20%;,wepredictthatgrowthofpricesoffoodwillslowdowni,ifreformiscarriedoutproperlyandstepbystep,itwon’,andthecompetitionisfierce,andtheinfluenceofpricehikeofu,pricesofsomeproducts,suchasautomobile,,wemayexpectastableconsumerpricethisyear,withthepricealittlebithigherinthefirsthalfthaninthelatterhalfandagrowthof3%’,nonfer,andthemarketdemandgrowthslowsdown,thesupplygapwillbegraduallyfilledandthepricehikewillgraduallygostable. 

      花花公子体育官方平台XiaBinandGaoShanwenWhenpeoplelookbackatthepastyearandlookaheadto2004,thefocusofdiscussionhasbeengraduallyshiftedfromwhethertheeconomyisover-heated,orwhetheritisgenerallynormalbutpartiallyovonetarypolicyregulationbyanalyzingtheinflationarytrendin2004aswellasth,theglobalgrainreserveisatthelowestlevelsince1996,%.Theproportionofglobal%%inOctober2003,%tyearwillinevitablyleadtotheriseofgrainprice,sticdemandt,China’sgrainoutputhasbeencontinuouslydecreasingsince1999,beingunabletomeetthedemando,thecountry’sgrainreserveaccountedforlessthan30%ofthecurrentyear’sconsumption,whichwa%,%ofthecurrentyear’,andthegrainconsumptioncouldnotincreasein2004,%,theyearthatreportedthebumpiestharvestsawagrowthoflessthan11%.Underthemostoptimisticscenario,theshortagethisyearwillne,itwilltaketwoyearsandmoretoexpandthegrainproductionuntilthedemandismet,,expandinggrainproductionrequiresfarmers’higherenthusiasmforproduction,whichalsoneedstoberealizedthroughhighergrainprice,which,inturn,offarmlandasw,undertheirreversibleconditionofreturningfarmlandtoforestsandincreasingnumberoffloatingruralworkers,itwillbeverypossibleforthestatnoftheUnitedNations,webelievethattheuncertaintylyingintheabovepredictionmightbetheoverestimateofChina’sgrainconsumptionbyrelevantdata,,ifthehistoricalaveragereserveisusedasayardsticktomaketheprediction,,wecanseethatthegrainpriceundertheRetailPriceIndexroseabout3-5%,weestimatethatthegrainpricein2004islikelytoriseatabout5%’sConsumerPriceIndex(CPI)isnotmadepublicandoftenadjustedwiththeconsumptionstructure,naiscapableofmaintainingthefixedexchangeratesystem,andthatnowitsimportandexportvolumehasaccountedfor60%oftheGDP,thepricesinthetradesectorsarealmostchangingatthesamepacewiththoseofthemeansofproductionintheUnitedStates(Since1977,thechangesofthepriceindexesofmeansofproductioninChinaandtheUnitedStateshavebeenalmostsimultaneous).Butt:Intermsofglobalsupply,thepriceindexofmeansofprod,theindexshouldexaminethechangesofoutputsofthem,iftheshrinkageofsupplyiscausedbytheriseofenergyprice,theindexshouldindicatetherelativedeclineofoutputsortradevolume;iftheoutputandtradevolumearerelativelygrowing,onecanbasicallyconcludethattheexpansionofdemandisthemainreasonforthepricechanges.

      ResearchReportNo075,2004InOctober2003,apricehikeoccurredabruptlyonthecountry’sgrainmarket,,comparedwiththesameperiodoftheyearbefore,thepricesofthethreemaingrainproducts(wheat,cornandrice)roserespectivelyby10%to20%.%,peoplewereledtobelievethat’,thestatehasgraduallysolvedthegrainpr’spercapitag,thecountry’stotaldemandforgrainwillbeclear,’spercapitagrainpossessionshouldbe400kilograms,,whichhasbeenprovedbythefactsinthepast20yearssince1984,(rice,wheatandcorn)outputisproper,thecountry’–whenthepercapitagrainpossessionexceeded370kilogramsandapproached400kilograms,farmerswouldfindithardtoselltheirproductsatagoodprice,,China’,,whichhadbeenusedfor40years,"commercializethegrainandmarketizegrainoperation.",thepe,thestateraisedthegrainpurchasepriceby40%98,,,thepercapitagrainpossessionwasrespectively366,,thene,,,thestockpilewascausedbythe4dinthepast20yearsisthatthegrowthofChina’surbanandruralresidents’grainconsumptionhasbeenmoreandmorediversifiedastheirincomerises,andthatth,thereformofhousing,healthcare,,thepercapitagrainpossessionofabout370kilograms,or480milliontonsoftotalgraindemandinthecountry,,alongwiththepopulationgrowth,,thepercapitagrainpossessionwasnolessthan370kilograms,butthemostdrasticpricehikesinc,thecauseswerethedevaluationofRMB,,,,,exercisedmacro-controlproperlyandusedStategrainreserveimmediately,,,%,tputdecrease,butrelatedtotheslowadvanceofgraincirculationreformandanineffectivegrainmacro-controlmechanism....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.morethantwodecadesofefforts,Chinahaspreliminarilyestablishedaframeworkofthesocialistmarketeconomicsystem,withmarketstartingto,itneedstoberealizedthatthecurrentmarketeconomyisstillamarketeconomythat’sunderdeveloped,incompleteandimperfect,withdeeprootedcontradictionsstillfundamentallyunresolvedleftbehindbythetraditionalplannedeconomy,andisencounteringmanysuitingtotheneedsofeconomicdevelopment,,,China’smaintaskforthefutureistograduallyimprovethesocialistmarketeconomicsystemthat’,Chnnedeconomywillbecompletelyresolved,abasicframeworkfortheneweconomicsystemandarelatedmechanismwillbesolidlyestablished,majorrelationshipsintheeconomiclifewillbebasicallysmoothedout,market’sfundamentalroleinresourceallocationandees:--Compositionands,complementaryandcoordinatedintheirdevelopment.--Amodernenterpnagerialsystems.--Theelementmarketdeve,,openandstandardizedmarketsystemandmarketorderbasedoncredithasbasicallytakenshape.--Amulti-tiersocialsecuritysystemisbasicallyestablithefficiencyandfairness.--Thegovernmenthasmadesubstantialprogressintransformationofitsfunctionsandgiveseffectiveplaytoitsfundamentalroleineconomicregulation,marketsupervision,--Intermepreliminarytakenshape.--Alegalsystemandasetofethicalstandardsadaptivetothesocialistmarketeconomy’seffort,orby2020,Chinastrivestobuildarelativelycomplete,--Thequalityandefficiency,forthesystemamechanismofself-adjustmentandself-improvementistakingshape.--Thesocialistmarketeconomicsystemshouldadapttochangesandchallengesposedfrombothdomesticallyandinternationallyanddulymakesysteminnovations.--Ruleoflawandsocialethicswillplayasignificantlymoreimportantroleinthesocialistmarketeconomy,andalegalsystemandethicssuitingtotheneedsofsocialistmarketeconomyiswidelyacceptedandfollowedbyallsocialmembers.--Progressshouldbemadeinstrivingforcommonprosperityandsocialfairnesssothatfruitsofeconomicandsocialdevelopmentcanreasonablybenefitallsocialmembers.--Inlearningfromothermodesofmarketeconomicsystemsintheworldandinthecourseofcompetingwithothereconomies,ChinashouldbuildupitsuniqueadvantarmfortheNearFutu,propellingtheconstleftbehilethepart"withinthesystem"ofthetraditionalplannedeconomyremainedfundamentallyuntransformed,thegovernmentattemptstoresorttofastdevelopmentofvariouseconomicformats"outsidethesystem"thatareconducivetothemarketeconomy,includingcollectiveownership,newtypesofstate-ownedeconomy,privateeconomy,foreigncapitaleconomyandcorporationtypeeconomy,toincreasetheproportionofmarketeconomyintheoveralleconomyandallowthepropo’sgiganticgrowthpotentialhasmadepossiblethismodeoftransformation--"fastergrowthforthemarketeconomyoutsidethesystem".Thecoreofthe"withinthesystem"partismainlythoseoldandlarge-sizestateownedenterprises,state-own"irontriangle"relationship,,importantprogresshasbeenachievedintaxation,currencyandforeignexchangesystemsinthemacromanagementsystem,coupledwithfasttransformationofsmallstate-ownedenterprises,andsomelimitedprogressinthereformofsomelarge-sizestateownedenterprises,butreformofthecorepartoftheoldsystemcanriskstothenationaleconomy,restrict,socialsecurityresponsibilitiesandbaddebts,allhavedirecti,establishmentofasocialistmarketeconomicsystemandrapidsustainedgrowthoftheChineseeconomyarecreatingrelativelymatureconditionsfortacklingthedeepseatedsystemcontradictionsleftbehindbytheoldsystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.


        YuanDongmingResearchReportNo080,2004China’’stotalinstalledcapacityofpowergeneratorswillreachabout410millionkilowatts,,thecoalstockofmanythermalpowerplantscouldonlysustain1-3days,andmanyplaceshavenochoicebut"suspendproductiontoavoidthepowerconsumptionpeak"orevenhaveto"resorttoblackouts"inordertocopewiththepowershortage,,inadditiontoexpandingtheinstalledcapacityofpowergeneratorsandtospeedingupthepowergridconstruction,itisamusttoactivelydevelopthedistributedpowerarchitecture(DPA),thedistributedpowersourcesarerealizedmainlythroughthecombinedsupplyofcooling,heatandpowerhasbecomeaninternationaltrend,breakingawayfromthetraditionalconceptaboutpowersourcesthat"smallmeansnon-economical."AftertheCaliforniapowercrisisintheUnitedStatesandthe"September11"terroristattacksallcountiesarepayinggreaterattentiontopowersupplysecurity,andar:FeaturesandProspectTheDPAisanewmodelofpowersupply,whichisc,,appliesnaturalgas,methane,andbiomassgasandlightoilasfuelandrealizesthecombinedsupplyofcooling,ittedinlongdistancetotheloadcenter,theDPAisdirectlyinstalledinthepowerdistributionnetworkwherethepowerloadisneeded,thetransmissionthroughpowergridismadeunnecessary,anditconcurrentlysuppliespower,steam,hotwaterandheati,environmentalprotection,investment,powersupplysafetyandsatisfyingthediversifiedneedsofcustomers,"smallthermalpowerplant"ora"small-capacitygenerator"forpowergeneration,itisapowergenerationmodewhich,throughthecomprehensiveutilizationofqualityenergies,providesheat,coolingandpoweratthesametime,anditsenergyutilizationratecouldreachashighasover80%,doublingthatoftheconventionalcoalthermalgeneratingunits[1].ralgas,lightoilandrenewableenergyasfuel,,comparedwiththeconventionalcoal-burninggeneratingunits,theSO2andsolidwastedischargefromtheDPAusingnaturalgasasfuelisvirtuallyzero,thedischargeofCO2isreducedbymorethan50%,thedischargeoftheNOxdischargeisreducedby80%andthedischargeofTspisreducedby95%[2]."powergenerationbyall"TheDPAneedssmallinvestment,occupieslesslandandhasashortconstructionperiod,anditiereasa135MWthermalpowergenerationunit,theminimumcapacityallowedinChina,willcostashighasmorethan700millionyuan[3].,transmissionanddistributionfacilityconstructionThelossofelectricityforcentralizedtransmissionanddistributionisusuallyabout10%,andevenashighasmorethan15%inChina[4].UndertheDPAmode,becausethepowerarchitectureislocatedclosetotheloadcenter,thereisnoneedtoconstructtheexpensivetransmissionanddistributiongrid,neitherisitnecessarytoconstructpowerdistributionstations,furthermore,thelossofelectricityinpowertransmissionanddistributionisverylow,implyusingnaturalgasforpowersupply,eat,powerandcoolingatthesametime,andcould,accordingtothespecialneedsofcustomers,dium-sized,orminigeneratingunitsthatareconvenienttostartorshutdown,,thepowerplantsarerelativelyindependent,thiswouldbeconvenientforcustomerstocont,heatandcoolingsupplytocommercialcenters,residentialareas,industrialparks,hotels,schools,,thecombinationofthepublicpowergridandtheDPAisamajormethodtosaveinvestment,reduceene,theamountofpowergeneratedthroughtheDPAaccountsfor25%-33%ofcustomers’totalpowerconsumption[5],andtheremainingportionissuppliedbythepublicpowernetwork,"September11"terroristattack,thedevelopedcountries,Britainhasbuiltmorethan1,000DPApowerplants,andtheUnitedStateshasconstructedmorethan6,,20%ofnewlyconstructedcommercialorofficebuildingsby2010,andmorethanhalfofsuchbuildingsby2020willuseDPApowersupply,andby2020,15%oftheexistingbuildingswillalsobetransformedtouseDPApowersupply[6].,bigpowerplantsandpowernetworkshareamutuallysupplementaryrelationship,notanantagonisticrelationship,DPAisacons,DPAcouldbeconnectedtoabig,tomeetthepowerneedsduringthepeakperiod,itdaftersatisfyingtheneedsforpowersupplyduringthepeakperiod,,powersupplyrelyingonbigpowergridswouldnotonlymeanabiglossofelectricityinthelong-distancetransmission,yloadtoDPA,andatthesametime,to,PAplant,itishighlyreliableandcouldhelpimprovethereliabilityandstabilityofthepublicpowersystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------*WangZhenming,advisertotheHeatandPowerSpecializedCommitteeofChinaSocietyofElectricalEngineering,offeredgreathelptothewritingofthispaper.[1]"LadderUtilizationofNaturalGas"inthe"CollectionofThesesoftheSeminaronDPAHeat,PowerandCoolingJointProduction,"byZhaoZhiyi,LiMingyuan,etc.,P38[2]Datasource:Meetingminutesofthe2003DPAHeat,PowerandCoolingJointProductionSeminar.[3]"OptimizingtheUtilizationofNaturalGas,VigorouslySpeedinguptheConstructionofDPAPlants"fromthe"EnergyPolicyResearch,"2003,byHuaBi,LaiYuankai,P40-46.[4]"VigorouslyDevelopingtheGasTurbinePower-generatingIndustry"fromthe"CollectionofThesesoftheSeminaronDPAHeat,PowerandCoolingJointProduction,"[5]"DiscussionofSeveralQuestionsontheDesignofDistributedPowerArchitecture,"byHanXiaoping,[6]"OptimizingtheUtilizationofNaturalGas,VigorouslySpeedinguptheConstructionofDPAPlants"fromthe"EnergyPolicyResearch,"2003,byHuaBi,LaiYuankai,P40-46.,China’,thisrapidgrow,thefast-growingindustriesthatplayedadrivingroleweremainlylightindustry,,,thefast-growingindustriesweremainlyinfrastructure,basicindustry,,eventhoughthesefast-growingindustrieshadmanyproblemsatthetime,includinginflation,bubbleeconomyandotherseriousproblems,,theseindustriesrespondedtoandspurredthemostextensiveandurgentcons,asindustrialaccessthresholdwasrelativelylowandthemarketwasrelativelyopen,variouscomponentsoft,,theslowdowncanbeinterpretedasavisibledeclineof,therewasaneedtofindanew,internationalexperienceandourcountry’sownpracticalconditionsallindicatethatitisentirelynecessar,theeconomicgrowthintheurbanareasismainlyrelyingontheupgradingofindustrialstructure,,clothingandoutlaytosomeextent,andareseekinghigher-qualitylifeinhousing,transportation,,housing,automobile,machinery,electroniccommunications,buildingmaterialsandurbanandruralinfrastructureconstructionaswellastheserviceindustrythatsupportsproductionandlivingareverylike,therealityisthatmostoft,thewelfare-basedhousingdistributionsystemhasbeenpreliminarilybrokenup,buttheintroductionofthecurrency-basedhousingdistributionsystem,theopeningandnurturingofthesecondaryhousingmarketandthedevelopmentofrelatedfinancialservicesstillfinditdifficulttomoveforwardinmanyplaces,includinginsomelargeandextra-largecities.(Ofcourse,somecitieshavepostedrelativelyfastprogress,whichalsoconstitutedthebasisfortherapidgrowthofthehousingindustryinrecentyears.)Therestrainingconsumptionpolicyandthestrictindustrialaccesspolicyhaveforlongmadethepricesofmostau,coupledwithfundshortage,hasmadetheconsumer,someindustriesorsectorstha,,theso-calledinadequatedomesticdemandcanbeinterpretedas"institutionalinadequatedemand".Underthiscircumstance,theexpectationsofsocialconsumptionandinvestmenthavedeclined,theexistingeconomicandsocialcontradictionsintensified,,thepeasantsarehavinglessopportunitytoenterintonon-farmindustriesandtheurbanareas,bringtheoverallnationaleconomyintoavirtuouscirclewhil,thegreateremploymentpressure,theincreasedemploymentfrictionsandconflictsbetweenurbanandrurallaborforcesandtheincreasednumber,thedeclininginvestmentexpectationhasmadeitmoredifficultfortheenterprises,especiallythesmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,,thefund-raisingdifficultyoftheenterprises,theirfund-raisingdifficultyarisesfromthe"difficultyinfindinggoodprojects"nyproblemsanddifficulties,ntialofthefast-growingindustriesisfullyreleased,,thecentralgovernmentadopted,theeconomicgr,thecentralgovernmentalsoadoptedanumberofpolicymeasuresforthereformofthestate-ownedenterprises,thehousingsystem,thesocialsecuritysystem,andthefinanciofeconomicgrowth,thepolicymd,thispolicycannotcontinueforalongtime,hispolicyOurhopeagainreliesonanewgroupoffast-growing(treasurybonds),thedrivingroleoft,theincreaseofthetotalGDPvolumehasbeenrisingannuallyheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,thebudge,(excludingcollectiveandpersonalinvestments).Secondly,thecollectiveandpersonalinvestmentsintheurbanandruralareas,whichscarcelyhaveanylinkswithtreasurybondsinvestment,,,therealestateinvestment,whichalsohaslittlelinkswithtreasurybondsinvestment,,,inaregionalperspective,theeasternregion,whichislessdependentontreasurybondsinvestment,,whichwas2percentagepointshigherthanthatinthewesternregion....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.花花公子体育官方平台 

 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